Not all hazards to your eye are apparent. Accidents occur daily that could be avoided with the proper selection, use and availability of approved eye protection. Depending on the job, you may need goggles, an eye shield, facemask, safety glasses or a combination of protection. Select the proper type of protection and wear it. Don't gamble with your eyesight. Be aware of the hazards and use protection.
Basically, there are four types of particles that cause eye injuries on the job.
- Unidentified Flying Objects: Particles from grinding, chipping, etc. and dust floating in the air generated by wind, trucks, equipment or cleaning. When working in dusty conditions wear eye protection, even a small speck can cause trouble. If embedded in the eye, these particles can cause infections; nerve damage and sight may be lost.
- Particles Resulting form Using Tools: Particles from chipping, grinding, sawing and hammering move at an amazing speed and strike at the force of a bullet. It is advisable to wear a face shield and safety goggles. Wear protectin anytime you perform overhead operations.
- Liquids: Hot liquids, (such as tar or asphalt), solvents, glues, paint, cleaning solutions and other chemicals can splash in the eye. There is the possibility for immediate damage if the chemical is corrosive or a hot metal, and a long-term damage can be caused if the chemical is toxic and is absorbed into the bloodstream. Use eye protection when working with chemicals and a full face shield when transfering liquids between containers.
- Invisible Hazards: You can't see the injurious light rays from welding or laser beams. Their effects are often not felt until hours later. Wear the proper protection when using the equipment and avoid looking in the direction of welding arcs or where a laser is used.